Sao Joao da Barra is a municipality in the state of Rio de Janeiro, more precisely in the North. It is located near the city of Campos. It occupies an area of 458.611 km ², with 30,595 inhabitants, according to 2009 data. It is 330 km away from Rio de Janeiro and 38 km from the city of Campos dos Goytacazes, through BR-101 and then the BR-356. Coming from the northern state of Espirito Santo, also follow the BR-101 until Campos, and then take BR-356. There are town roads that lead to the beaches and the interior rural areas.
Among the main economic activities are tourism, agriculture and native horticulture. Crafts and other cultures, related to tourism. But today much of the town tax revenue, nearly 70% comes from oil royalties pass from the Roncador well.
Sao Joao da Barra has several tourist beaches, such as Grussai, Chapéu do Sol, Açu and the ones at Atafona district, known for the ruins of houses transgressed by the sea, making some roads submerged in the region. It is still a quiet town by the sea and still depends considerably from Campos, the largest city in the North Fluminense, especially in health care and education.
All this calm pace, however, may be threatened by the construction of the Açu Port and the Industrial condominium complex that comes with it. According to environmentalists, these projects can cause environmental degradation in the state, bringing impacts on fishing and cause an exodus of thousands of farmers in the 5th district. The promises of economic development can also mean much greater problems than the small town can hold.
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